What Is a Qualifying Installment Agreement

As an individual or business owner, you may find yourself in a situation where you owe taxes to the IRS but are unable to make a lump sum payment. In such a scenario, you may qualify for a qualifying installment agreement (QIA), which allows you to pay off your tax debt over time. In this article, we will discuss what a QIA is and how it works.

What is a Qualifying Installment Agreement?

A QIA is an agreement between the taxpayer and the IRS that allows the taxpayer to pay off their tax debt over a period of time instead of in one lump sum. QIAs are designed to make it easier for taxpayers to pay their taxes and avoid accumulating various penalties and interest charges.

Who is Eligible for a Qualifying Installment Agreement?

Individuals and businesses are eligible for a QIA, although there are specific conditions that must be met in order to qualify. These conditions include:

– The taxpayer must have filed all their tax returns for the current year and previous years

– The taxpayer cannot have any outstanding payment agreements with the IRS

– The taxpayer must be able to pay off their tax debt within six years

– The taxpayer must be able to make monthly payments that are equal to or greater than the minimum amount required by the IRS

– The taxpayer must submit a completed financial statement, which includes details on their income, expenses, and assets

How Does a Qualifying Installment Agreement Work?

If you qualify for a QIA, you must submit an application to the IRS. The application will include the amount of tax debt owed, the proposed monthly payment, and the duration of the proposed agreement. The IRS will review the application and either approve or deny the agreement.

If the agreement is approved, the taxpayer will be required to make monthly payments until their tax debt is paid off in full. The payments will include both the principal amount owed and any interest and penalties that have accrued. Additionally, the taxpayer will be required to continue to file their tax returns on time and pay any new tax liabilities that arise.


If you are unable to pay your tax debt in full and need a longer period of time to make payments, a qualifying installment agreement may be an option for you. However, it is important to note that interest and penalties will continue to accrue until your tax debt is paid in full. Therefore, it is important to make timely and sufficient payments to avoid additional charges. If you have any questions about QIAs or other tax-related matters, consult with a tax professional or contact the IRS directly.

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